natural history of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean

by A. Binion Amerson

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution in Washington

Written in English
Published: Pages: 479 Downloads: 957
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  • Natural history -- Pacific Ocean -- Johnston Island.

Edition Notes

Statementby A. Binion Amerson, and Philip C. Shelton
SeriesAtoll research bulletin -- no. 192
ContributionsShelton, Philip C. 1937-, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service., Smithsonian Institution.
The Physical Object
Paginationxix, 479 p. :
Number of Pages479
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13601159M

  In the s and s, the United States Army tested atomic bombs the seafloor in the central Pacific ocean. Now, for the first time, oceanographers have scanned the site near the Marshall.   Since , sea level in the western Pacific Ocean has risen two to three times faster than the global average. Adding storm waves means flooding on atoll .   Johnston Atoll: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean 1, km southwest of Honolulu, Johnston Atoll: no natural freshwater resources; regarding United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges on this page is re-published from the World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made. Bikini Atoll (/ ˈ b ɪ k ɪ ˌ n iː / or / b ɪ ˈ k iː n i /; Marshallese: 'Pikinni', [pʲiɡinnʲi], meaning "coconut place"), sometimes known as Eschscholtz Atoll between the s and (see Etymology section below for history and orthography of the endonym), is a coral reef in the Marshall Islands consisting of 23 islands surrounding a square-mile ( km 2) central lagoon.

and atolls scattered across the central Pacific Ocean. that represent relatively pristine, beautiful, and wild coral reef ecosystems. Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands are geographically situated near the equator. Kingman Reef and Palmyra Atoll are north of Jarvis Island, and Wake Atoll and Johnston Atoll are farther north and west of Kingman. Corals of the U.S. Pacific Islands Region. Corals and coral reefs are found around the islands and atolls of the Pacific Island region, which consists of the Hawaiian Islands (State of Hawaiʻi), the Marianas Islands (Territory of Guam and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), the eastern portion of the Samoan Islands (Territory of American Samoa), and several islands and atolls in. This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Melanesia, Micronesia and ing on the context, Pacific Islands may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized, or indigenous inhabitants of the Pacific Islands are.   From July 4 to August 4, I conducted fieldwork as part of the Laulima O Ka Moana expedition to map and survey the sea bottom of the Johnston Atoll region of the central Pacific Ocean.

From July 7 to August 2, , NOAA and partners will conduct a telepresence-enabled ocean exploration expedition on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer to collect critical baseline information about unknown and poorly known deepwater areas near Johnston Atoll. Like previous expeditions, NOAA will work with the scientific and resource management communities to characterize these areas through. The Atoll Research Bulletin Bulletin is issued by the Smithsonian Institution to provide an outlet for information on the biota of tropical islands and reefs and on the environment that supports the biota. vegetation, and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean) Island in the Republic of Kiribati in the tropical Central Pacific Ocean. It is based on a. Hurricane Ioke (also Typhoon Ioke, international designation , JTWC designation 01C also sometimes called Super Typhoon Ioke) is the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Central first storm to form in the Central Pacific in the Pacific hurricane season, Ioke is a long-lived and extremely powerful storm that traversed the Pacific, reaching Category 5 status twice as a.

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Buy The Natural History of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacfic Ocean. on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders The Natural History of Johnston Atoll, Central Central Pacific Ocean book Ocean.: Amerson, A.

& P. Shelton, b & w Photos, Maps: : Books. Amerson, A. Binion, Jr. and Shelton, P. "The Natural History of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean."Atoll Research Bulletin. – Marine Life of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean, Paperback – January 1, by Phillip S.

Lobel (Author), Color Photos (Illustrator) out of 5 stars 3 ratings See all formats and editions4/5(3). Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Marine Life of Johnston Atoll Central Pacific Ocean by Lobel Phillip S.

at the best online prices at eBay. Free shipping for many products. Central Pacific Ocean book National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program, Ornithology, Mammalogy, Rodents, United States, Johnston Atoll Collection biodiversity; sifieldbooks Digitizing sponsor Smithsonian Field Book Project Contributor Smithsonian Institution Archives Language English.

As of Maythe future of these atolls is uncertain because of a long-standing political quagmire among US Government agencies over natural resource management responsibilities and financing of the properties. Johnston Atoll (Fig.

) is isolated in the Central Pacific Ocean (16°45' N °31' W). Johnston Atoll (Fig. ) is isolated in the Central Pacific Ocean (16°45' N °31' W). The nearest landfall is French Frigate Shoals, km ( miles) north in the northwest Hawaiian Islands.

These studies led Ashmore)) to suggest that the atoll itself is tilted. Johnston Atoll appears to be an example of a seamount that is undergoing a transition from an atoll to a drowned seamount (guyot).

Submersible studies of the shallow carbonate bank demonstrate that the carbonate bank displays important karstic features. The uninhabited atoll was discovered in by an American ship, which ran aground there. Sighted in by an English mariner, Captain C.J. Johnston, the islands remained unclaimed untilwhen both the United States (under the Guano Act of ) and the Kingdom of Hawaii laid claim.

@ARTICLE{C76thenatural, author = {Pr C}, title = {The natural history}, journal = {of Johnston Atoll, central Pacific Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin}, year = {}, pages = {}} Share. OpenURL. Abstract. In this paper, we propose a time-of-arrival (TOA) estimation scheme using impulse-radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB).

This scheme is. Version History BibTeX @ARTICLE{A76thenatural, author = {José A. Sáez A and Julián Luengo B}, title = {The natural history}, journal = {of Johnston Atoll, central Pacific Ocean.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The military history of the atoll was reviewed in Lobel and Lobel (). Photo-documentation of the coral reef biota of Johnston Atoll is detailed in the book “Marine Life of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean” (Lobel, ). Satellite photo of Johnston Atoll, about 1, km ( mi) west of Hawaii.

Four islands compose the total land mass of sq km. Johnston and Sand islands are both enlarged natural features, while Akau and Hikina are two artificial islands formed by coral dredging. Johnston Island, by far the largest, contains an airstrip. Image courtesy of NASA. Johnston Atoll, which lies approximately miles southwest from Hawaii, was first discovered on 2 September by a whaling ship, the brig Sally from Boston, Massachusetts.

However, Captain Charles Johnston of the British ship HMS Cornwallis formally documented it on 14 December and it is for him that the atoll and main island are named. Two of the atoll's islands are natural Islands (Johnston and Sand) and both of them were designated a U.S.

federal bird reserve in The other two islands i the atoll were man-made by dredging. Bymilitary dredge and fill operations had increased the size of Johnston Island to acres from its original 46 acres, and increased Sand.

Wing morphology of nine species of seabirds from Johnston Atoll in the central tropical Pacific was analyzed to determine how wing size and shape correlated with observed foraging behavior and, in. Johnston was used by the US military from untiland the island was expanded many times in size through dredging and reconstruction.

Beyond the nuclear tests, Johnston Atoll was used to store chemical weapons from Okinawa after and drums of Agent Orange defoliant from the Vietnam War in Johnston Atoll One of the most isolated atolls in the world, Johnston is an ancient atoll, and along with Wake, is probably the oldest in the Pacific Ocean.

It is the northernmost of the Line Islands. Once claimed by both the United States and the Kingdom of Hawai‘i, the atoll was placed under control of the U.S.

Navy in Johnston Atoll is isolated in the Central Pacific Ocean (16°45′ N °31′ W) about km ( miles) southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii and km ( miles) north of the equatorial Line Islands, Kiribati. The labrid species, Thalassoma lutescens, has a wide range of distribution in the equatorial Pacific.

The related species, Thalassoma duperrey, is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Johnston Atoll Airport (revised 12/11/19) - Kobler Field (revised 4/7/19)“Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean about 1, miles southwest of Honolulu.

have helped to restore the atoll to a more natural state. Figure 1. Estimated deep-sea debris densities (items km –2) from observations by ROVs in the central and western Pacific Ocean. (a) General footprint of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer cruises, adapted from Kennedy et al., (b) Estimated deep-sea debris densities in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, the main Hawaiian Islands, ABNJ, and the Johnston Atoll Unit of PRIMNM; (c) the.

The military cleaned-up and departed the atoll in It is now included in the newly designated “Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument” established by President George W. Bush on January 6, Information for this story was taken from Professor Lobel’s book: Marine Life of Johnston Atoll, Central Pacific Ocean.

Johnston Atoll Kalama Atoll. On 31 July the U.S. Army Chemical Activity Pacific retired its colors on Johnston Island. The unit's deactivation marked an end to 30 years of storing and. The island is part of the Johnston Atoll system of islands, a U.S.

territory in the Pacific Ocean miles south west of Honolulu. The extraterrestrials landed their. Johnston and Sand Islands were designated wildlife refuges in The US Navy took over the atoll inand subsequently the US Air Force assumed control in The site was used for high-altitude nuclear tests in the s and s, and until late in the atoll was maintained as a storage and disposal site for chemical weapons.

Midway Atoll is a sq km ( sq mi) atoll in the North Pacific Ocean. As its name suggests, Midway is roughly equidistant between North America and Asia, and lies almost halfway around the world from Greenwich, England.

It is near the northwestern end of the Hawaiian archipelago, about one-third of the way from Honolulu, Hawaii to Tokyo, Japan. Midway Atoll (colloquial: Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a square-mile ( km 2) atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at Midway Atoll is an unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States.

Roughly equidistant between North America and Asia, Midway is the only island in the Hawaiian archipelago that is not part of the state of Hawaii. Free-ranging female grey reef sharks, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, were observed forming daily aggregations offshore Sand Island, Johnston Atoll between March and late May from to Daily water temperatures were recorded at the aggregation area from to The annual aggregation cycle did not coincide with maximum or minimum annual water temperatures.

The Johnston Atoll Unit of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (PRIMNM) is located south of Hawaii. More than 99% of the Johnston Atoll Unit is deep water and despite some previous work, much remains unknown. Increasing baseline knowledge of ocean habitats is critical to inform the management of these remarkable ecosystems.

Johnston Atoll lies approximately km southwest of Honolulu Hawaii in the vicinity of 16° 45’ N, ° 31’ W in the north central Pacific Ocean (Figure 1).

The nearest other landfalls are French Frigate Shoals, over km to the north-northeast, and the Line Islands, over km to the southeast.Palmyra Atoll is a part of the largest protected area on the planet today. It belongs to the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument which covers an area of It is a huge area in the central parts of the Pacific Ocean and includes also Kingman Reef, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Howland Island, Baker Island and others.

Title. Amerson, A. Binion, Jr., Related Titles. Contained In: National Museum of Natural History, Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program, records, circawith data from Series: Biodiversity Heritage Library Field Notes Project.